Diploma in Traditional Medicine

The sMenpa course is 3 years after class 12(science) and they receive a Diploma in Traditional Medicine on successful completion of the training. The number of student intake is 12 annually. The program is recognized by the Bhutan Medical and Health Council. The medium of instruction is in Dzongkha and Choekye.

Admission Criteria


Eligibility Criteria



Ability Rating Points


        Seat (Scholarship)
For ILCS Students:

XII passed students with 55% in each in Choenjug, Sumtag, Nyengag and Dzongkha/Dazhung and 45% in English


For Science Students 

Class XII passed with 50% each in Biology, Chemistry and English, 60% in Dzongkha.


Choenjug – 5

Dzongkha/Dazhung – 5

Sumtag – 5

Nyengag – 2

English – 2


For Science Student

Biology – 5

Dzongkha -5

Chemistry – 5

English – 2

1 other subject – 2

Total Intake 12

Curriculum Outline

The Curriculum consists of: 

  1. rTsa-rGyud

1.1 Introduction to gSo-ba Rig-pa: – This course provides the students an overview of traditional medicine, its history, origins and development. It also provides a brief discussion of the gSo-ba Rig-pa education, the profession  and the opportunities in the practice of traditional medicine.

1.2 gLeng-gzhi gLeng-slong: – This is a preliminary to the succeeding subjects. It also discusses the alternative treatment methods like tsha-chu and sman-chu.

1.3 rTsa-ba gSum and sDong-‘grems: – This course provides brief description on the origins of diseases, its management and treatment.

  1. bShed-rGyud (Pre-requisite: rTsa-rGyud)

2.1 Grub-pa Lus: – This course provides a basic understanding of human anatomy and basic principles of physiology. It also provides a detail discussion on the science of birth, living and death.

2.2 phel-grib ned and Bya-ba sPyod-lam: – This course deals with the detail discussion on the nature, causes and origins of the diseases. It also deals with the concept and fundamental importance of behavioral pattern in the management of conditions.

2.3 Tsho-ba Zas and sByor-ba sman: – The course provides the detail description on the management and control of diets and its benefits. It also familiarizes the effect of four elements (Earth, Water, Heat and Wind) on 6 different types of taste.

2.4 Cha-byed and nGos-bzung brtag-pa: – This part covers extensively the use and requirements of different kinds of instruments for therapies and their mode of usage. It also covers as a separate part, the importance and the different methods that can be used in the diagnosis of diseases.

2.5 gSo-thabs and gSo-ba Po: – This part covers extensively, the different methods of treatment. It also covers the moral principles of practice (ethics) that govern the sMenpa profession.

  1. Phyema-rGyud (Pre-requisite: rTsa-rGyud, bShed-rGyud)

3.1 bRtag-pa rTsa-chu: – The course deals with the principles of the diagnosis particularly through Pulse Reading and Urine Analysis.

3.2 Zhi-byed sman: – The fundamental concepts of pharmaceutical dosage forms, their classification, principles and process involved are discussed. It familiarizes the student with the pre-formulation, detoxification, formulation and preparation of various dosage forms.

3.3 sByong-byed las: – This course provides an overview of therapies particularly by treatment through excretion, irrigation, etc.

3.4 Jam-rtsub dPyed: – This part covers techniques in the wide range of therapies like blood letting, moxibustion, serkhap, cupping, hot and cold compression, herbal steaming, herbal bath, herbal massage, etc.

  1. sMen-jor Ni-pa Cho-gdue
  2. Astrology

5.1 byung-rtsi sNgon-gro: – This course provides an introduction to the astrology and intends to familiarize with the classical abbreviations used in dha-tho.

5.2 Dha-tho lde-mig: – This part discusses the method and gives detail instructions on reading and interpreting the dha-tho.

  1. Zintig (Summary of Medical Practice)
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