Bachelors in Traditional Medicine

The duration of training for Drungtsho is 5 years and 6 months after class 12 and they receive a Bachelor’s Degree in Traditional Medicine on successful completion of the training programme. The Award is conferred by the Royal University of Bhutan and recognized by the Bhutan Medical and Health Council and Royal Civil Service Commission. The number of student intake is 8 annually. The medium of instruction is in Dzongkha and Choekye.

Admission Criteria


Eligibility Criteria



Ability Rating Points


        Seat (Scholarship)
For ILCS Students:

XII passed students with a minimum of 60% in each of the core subjects (Choenjug, Sumtag, Nyengag and Dazhung) and 50% in English


For Science Students 

Class XII passed with 60% each in Chemistry and Biology, 70% in Dzongkha and 50% in English.


Choenjug – 5

Sumtag – 5

Nyengag – 5

English – 4

Dazhung – 3

3 other subjects – 1

For Science Student

Biology – 5

Dzongkha -5

Chemistry – 5

English – 2

1 other subject – 2


( 4 for Science and 4 for LCS


Total Intake 8

Curriculum Outline

The Syllabus for Drungtsho Course

The curriculum consists of mainly four broad modules also known as four Medical Tantras in the study of Traditional Medicine popularly known as gSo-ba Rig-pa education. They are:

  1. rTsa-rGyud (Root Tantra)
  2. bShed-rGyud (Explanatory Tantra)
  3. sMan-Ngag-rGyud (Secret Tantra)\
  4. Phyema-rGyud (Other Tantra)

In addition to these four main subjects, the students also study the following subjects:

  • Shel-gong/Shel-threng
  • Zin-tig
  • Tsi (Astrology)
  • sMengi-Phen-nue Jor-dey

Therefore, the actual curriculum consists of the following subjects:

  1. rTsa-rGyud (Root Tantra)

1.1 Introduction to gSo-ba Rig-pa: – This course provides the students an overview of traditional medicine, its history, origins and development. It provides a brief discussion of the gSo-ba Rig-pa education, the profession and the opportunities in the practice of Traditional Medicine.

1.2 gLeng-gzhi gLeng-slong: – This is a preliminary to the succeeding subjects. It also discusses the alternative treatment methods like tsha-chu (hot springs) and sman-chu (medicinal water).

1.3 rTsa-ba gSum and sDong-‘grems: – This course provides brief description on the origins of diseases, its management and treatment.

  1. bShed-rGyud (Explanatory Tantra)  Pre-requisite: rTsa-Gyud

2.1 Grub-pa Lus: – This course provides a basic understanding of human anatomy and basic principles of physiology. It also provides a detail discussion on the science of birth, living and death.

2.2 phel-grip ned and Bya-ba sPyod-lam: – This course deals with the detail discussion on the nature, causes and origins of the diseases. It also deals with the concept and fundamental importance of behavioral pattern in the management of conditions.

2.3 Tsho-wa zas and sByor-wa sman: – The course provides the detail description on the management and control of diets and its benefits. It also familiarizes the effect of four elements (Earth, Water, Fire and Wind) on different types of taste.

2.4 Cha-byed and nGos-bzung brtag-pa: – This part covers extensively the use and requirements of different kinds of instruments for therapies and their mode of usage. It also covers as a separate part, the importance and the different methods that can be used in the diagnosis of diseases.

2.5 gSo-thabs and gSo-ba po: – This part covers extensively the different methods of treatment. It also covers the moral principles of practice (ethics) that govern the Drungtsho profession.

  1. sMan-Ngag-rGyud (Secret Tantra) Pre-requisites: rTsa-rGyud and bShed-rGyud)

3.1 Nyes-gsum and Khong-ned: – This course intends to familiarize the students with the fundamental concepts of three humors of the bodily system namely wind, bile and phlegm. It also discusses the diseases and conditions of the abdomen region.

3.2 Tsha-ba, lus-sTod, Don-sNod and gSang-ned: – This course provides the detail study on the diseases of fever related, upper torso reproductive and vital organs including their aetiology and organ -system involvement.

3.3 Thor-ned, lhan-sKyes rMa and Byes-pa gSo-ba: – This course provides the detail study in the origin, cause and management of vascular, neural, skin diseases etc. This part also covers  the study on diseases of reproductive organs, digestive system, and pediatrics.

3.4 Mo-ned mTshon-rmo and Dug-ned: – This part covers the detailed study on the signs and symptoms of the gynecological diseases, cause and treatment of poisons, and wounds resulting from the accidents.

3.5 gDon-ned, rGas-pa and Ro-tsa: – This part covers the study of psychotic conditions and geriatric diseases. It also discusses on rejuvenation with emphasis placed on the maintenance or normal organ systems.

  1. Phyema-rGyud   Pre-requisite: rTsa-rGyud, bshed-rGyud and sMan-Ngag-rGyud

4.1 bRtag-pa rTsa-chu: – The course deals with the principles of diagnosis particularly through Pulse Reading and Urine Analysis.

4.2 Zhi-byed sman: – The fundamental concepts of pharmaceutical dosage forms, their classification, principles and process involved are discussed. It familiarizes the student with the pre-formulation, detoxification, formulation and preparation of various dosage forms.

4.3  sByong-byed las: – This course provides an overview of therapies particularly by treatment through excretion, irrigation, etc.

4.4 Jam-rtsub dPyed: – This part covers techniques in the wide range of therapies like blood letting, moxibustion, serkhap, cupping, hot and cold compression, herbal steaming, herbal bath, herbal massage, etc.

  1. Shel-gong (Pre-requisite: bShed-rGyud) : – This course covers the uses and origins of precious materials, mineral and animal parts. It also provides the morphological studies, uses and diversity of herbal plants.
  2. Zin-tig (Pre-requisite: sMan-Ngag-rGyud): – This part focuses mainly on the different aspects of treatment modes and methods. It also discusses the specific uses of each drug with respect to the types of diseases and the methods involved in pre-processing and formulation.
  3. Astrology

7.1 byung-rtsi sNgon-‘gro: – This course provides an introduction to the astrology and intends to familiarize with the classical abbreviations used in dha-tho.

7.2 Dha-tho lde-mig: – This part discusses the method and gives detail instructions on reading and interpreting the dha-tho.


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